According to the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), Munchkin has recalled 180,000 of its Latch baby pacifiers.
(Click photos for full view - more info below the gallery)
The recall involves the Munchkin Latch Lightweight Pacifier & Clip that were sold together as a matching set. They were sold in 5 different designs. This includes the 0m+ natural shape pacifiers in designer, rattle and heartbeat styles. It also includes the 6m+ orthodontic pacifiers in designer and rattle styles. All of them are pictured above.
The reason for the recall is that there have been 10 reports of the clip cover detaching from the pacifier clip. This can pose a choking hazard. So far, there have been no reports of injuries. But, due to the choking hazard, the Munchkin company is voluntarily recalling these items.
If your baby is still using these pacifiers, take them away immediately and contact Munchkin for a free replacement or full refund. You can call them at 877-242-3134 from 7 a.m. to 5 p.m. PT Monday through Friday or visit their website.
The pacifiers were sold at Babies R Us, Target, Walmart, Amazon, and many other retailers both on and offline between March 2014 and March 2016 for about $11 - $15 each.
Nov 28, 2007 | Recently, there have been many recalls of children's products because of the discovery of unsafe amounts of lead. These prompted some internet research on my part. I had a head start, armed with the knowledge of many symptoms caused by lead from previous research.
However, I wanted to re-check exactly what symptoms lead produced, as well as see if there were more symptoms I hadn't known about. I then wanted to compare the symptoms and effects to certain learning and behavioral conditions affecting children (LD, ADD, and ADHD ) to see if there was a connection between those and lead poisoning.
Symptoms of Lead Poisoning, or Plumbism
Firstly, you need to know that some lead poisoning can cause emergency symptoms, such as abdominal pain and/or cramping, vomiting, seizures, staggering or stumbling, muscle weakness, and coma.
However, it is more common for lead poisoning to build up over time and do internal nerve, kidney, and brain damage with either no symptoms or the following symptoms.
Lowered IQ, difficulty sleeping, slowed growth, hearing problems, behavior problems, attention/focus problems, failures at school, kidney damage, irritability, aggressiveness/aggressive behavior, low or reduced appetite, low or reduced energy, headaches, reduced sensations, loss of developmental skills (mainly in younger children), anemia, and constipation are all symptoms of lead poisoning.
Some Conditions That Have Similar Symptoms
Is it possible that in some of the cases of Learning Disabilities (LD), ADD, or ADHD, children might have had early or prolonged exposure to lead? If so was that causing these disorders?
Take a look at the symptoms that are shared with these problems.
The shared symptoms are low IQ, behavior problems, attention/focus problems, difficulty sleeping, irritability, failures at school, and aggressiveness.
Not all children will have all of the symptoms for either Plumbism or any of the other conditions mentioned. Some may have only one.
Is There A Connection?
Comparing the notes above, it seemed to me that some childhood conditions may in fact be caused by lead poisoning. For me, the rise in cases of some of the conditions above was even more proof.
Plumbism develops over time, so it would make sense as a possible reason for mental and behavioral conditions being more prevalent than ever before. This research suggested to me that there must be an underlying cause for these increases and that cause could very well be lead.
I then dug deeper to find an answer.
There have been recent revelations that children in poverty perform the lowest academically and, coincidentally, are the same children who are at the highest risk of lead exposure. Just think about how many children chew on things or put things in their mouth that they aren't supposed to. In a house where lead exposure risk is low, that may not be too big of a deal. However, in a house where lead exposure risk is much higher, this could be extremely dangerous.
Some recent recalls of children's products are dating back to 2003, which could explain why disorders are at an all time high, especially in elementary-aged children. If children were exposed to lead in 2003 (4 years ago), that would make a 1st grader about 2 years old then, a common age for putting items in the mouth. If there are other items with lead in them from that time, which is possible, then it would seem to indicate lead as a significant role in causing learning disabilities in young children.
At one government link (since removed), I also found mention of attention deficit disorder (ADD) as a symptom of lead poisoning.
I could not find the same information elsewhere, but the fact that the symptoms are so closely related and the lead filled items seem to have been around at the right time seems to suggest a link. There's also the fact that at least one government agency mentions it, which when all pieced together, it leads me to believe that many learning problems can indeed be caused by lead poisoning.
Now, obviously, not every case of these conditions will be related to lead, but based on this research, I will have to say that some of them very likely are.
Where Can Lead Be Found
Household paint made before 1978 can contain lead. Even if your home was made after 1978, there may still be old paint in your home, due to someone using paint made before 1978 that could have been stored somewhere. Always check the painted surfaces in your home for lead. Popcorn paint designs (paint with raised bumps) are likely to contain lead as well.
Children's toys and products have now become a possible source for lead contaminants, especially those made in China. Many toys have been recalled due to lead poisoning and it's very possible that some toys that have not been recalled could still contain lead that has not yet been detected.
Because of this issue being so prevalent right now, it is imperative that parents have their children's toys tested for lead, as well as keep a watchful eye out for new recalls. Also, be sure to have children tested for lead regularly. Each time a new product is purchased, parents should always register the product when registration is available, so that they can be notified if there is ever a recall.
Any painted or dyed product made before 1978 or made outside of the United States could contain lead.
Lead can also be found in the drinking water of homes whose plumbing was made with pipes sealed with lead solder. This practice was changed and any new homes will be made with different materials. However, some modern faucets still contain lead.
Soil near houses and highways could contain lead, due to exposure of lead through car exhaust over time.
Lead can also be found in the following: lead bullets, fishing sinkers, plumbing, pipes, curtain weights, faucets, solder (or crafts/hobbies involving soldering), stained glass, jewelry making supplies, pottery glaze, miniature lead figurines, paint sets (even those made for children), art supplies (even those made for children), pewter dishes, and storage batteries.
More Facts And Warnings: What You Should Know About Lead
How To Reduce Lead Exposure
Is There A Treatment For Lead Poisoning?
The Importance Of Consulting Health Professionals
I am not a health professional. This article was simply written and researched out of my own curiosity and should not serve as medical advice or as a replacement of medical care or advice.
If you suspect you, your child, or anyone else has lead poisoning, contact a health professional right away. Lead poisoning is a serious matter.
If you have any concerns regarding any information contained in this article, consult with a health professional.
*This author welcomes feedback and suggestions in the comments section below.
Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia - Lead Poisoning
Associated Content - Even Very Low Levels Of Lead Causes Brain Damage In Children
About.Com - The Major Symptoms of ADD/ADHD
ChildDevelopmentInfo.com - "About Learning Disabilities"
metrokc.gov - "Lead Facts"
Harvard.edu - "Chelation Therapy For Chilhood..."
Keep Kids Healthy - "Lead Poisoning Treatment"
Health Central - ADD/ADHD Statistics
Associated Content - China-Made Recall: Various Children's...
** UPDATE 4/5/2016: Some sources are outdated. Here are some new sources with similar information & further evidence:
ADHD symptoms caused by lead exposure, new study claims
Kids Exposed to Mercury, Lead at Risk for ADHD
What is Lead Poisoning?
Scientist-Bred Cow Produces Only Skim Milk; Scientists in Auckland, New Zealand, Successful
May 27, 2007, Auckland | According to several sources, scientists in Auckland, New Zealand have bred a skim-milk producing cow successfully. In addition to producing milk that is skim, the milk from this cow also has other benefits.
Plans are in the making for creating herds of this type of cow, now that research shows it can be done. ViaLactia, the biotech firm responsible for breeding the cow, says it will target health-conscious consumers with their marketing campaigns. In addition to the milk being naturally skim (low in fat content), the milk also has other benefits. It has a normal level of protein, differing from skim milk that is manufactured.
Russel Snell, the chief scientist at ViaLactia told UPI about the original cow "She produces a normal level of protein in her milk but substantially less fat, and the fat she does produce has much more unsaturated fat. She also produces milk with very high levels of omega3 oils."
Protein is essential for hair and nails. They are made up of mostly protein. All cells require protein. It is used to build tissue and also to repair it. Protein is used in making enzymes, hormones, and other essential body chemicals.
This milk could also be great for heart health because according to the NIH, "Replacing some carbohydrates with protein and unsaturated fat may enhance heart health benefits". The Omega3 Oils, usually found in fish and soy products, are also heart healthy. These oils are highly recommended by the AHA (American Heart Association).
The original cow was found by ViaLactia in 2001, but it was recently evidenced that she passed the skim-milk producing trait on to her calves. With this success, it is a marketable product as the calves can then also be bred to create a herd, which in turn could create more and more of these skim-milk producing cows in accordance with product demand.
Snell says "You have to generate daughters and then they have to carry a calf and deliver milk. The eureka moment was when we found her daughters produced milk like their mother."
Science Daily | Scientists Breed Skim-Milk Producing Cow
Gate2Biotech | Scientists Breed Skim-Milk Producing Cow
Web MD | "The Benefits of Protein" Authored by Neil Osterweil
NIH News | "Replacing Some Carbohydrates With Protein And Unsaturated Fat May Enhance Heart Health Benefits"
AHA "Fish And Omega-3 Fatty Acids
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